While of Wrath, the audience experiences a loneliness that

While reading chapter eleven in the book, The Grapes of Wrath, the audience experiences a loneliness that has just begun.  The farm has not always been lonely; in fact, it used to be filled with life.  As Steinbeck analyzes the life before tractors, the reader feels the warmth and liveliness the farm once had.  When the author explains life with the tractor, one feels a shift in tone, this being cold and lonely. 
There was life before the house and the land was left vacant.  Life was visible through the people living there, as well as the way the people plowed the land.  Horses were used to plow, and do labor around the farm in order to maintain the land.  Steinbeck begins to compare the end of a horse’s day to the end of the tractor’s day.  He states “when a horse stops work and goes into the barn there is a life and vitality left, there is breathing, and a warmth” (115).  Reading this, the reader may receive a sense of comfort. Though the day is ending, his words still create a feeling of safety and life.  However, the word choice used to describe the tractor gives one a feeling of emptiness.  For example, the author writes “when the motor of a tractor stops, it is as dead as the ore it came from” (115).  The conclusion is that the horse makes the land more vibrant and full of life.
The horse represents a connection among itself, the land, and the farmer, giving it a sense of home.  In order to work well together, the farmer has to create a strong bond with the horse; over time this will continue to grow even stronger.  With the tractor and the driver, there is no bond; there is no intimacy, and most importantly, there is no home.  No feelings can be shared between the driver, and the tractor.  Therefore, the driver cannot make a bond with the tractor like the farmer and the horse were able to do.   As humans, the more a person cares about someone, or something, the more effort we put in. Steinbeck shows this by explaining that the driver’s home is not the farm, his home may be miles away, and he may not return back for weeks at a time.  He is driving a dead machine, he feels no life, no love, and no connection.  He does not care for the land like the farmer did, for him it is just a job, not a home.