This discuss about the consequences of such issue and

 

This
report focuses into the factors influencing deforestation, discuss about the consequences of such issue
and provide sustainable measures. Secondary
data from the multiple sources were used for this research. The data were
extracted from publicly available information from web pages, magazines and organizational websites. There is a typical misinterpretation about deforestation
that it is a current event and the issue
got limelight in the tropical areas of the globe from mid-nineteenth century. It
is believed that the process started after human civilization. Presently, the
ultimate deforestation is happening in the tropics that consists of vast
diversity of species in which findings reveals
that at least 5,000 square km (1,931 square miles) of forests are cleared each
year in Amazon. In future, it is predicted that nearly 28000 species will be
vanish due to rapid clearing of forests.
Although
organizations like REDD are supporting the developing countries for sustainable
solutions. Recommendations
are diminishing deforestation and protecting the regular vegetation’s requires
guidelines, laws, and directions from associations and governments to help in formulating
forests preservation strategies.

1.   
Introduction

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This
report looks into the factors influencing deforestation, discuss about the consequences of such issue and provide
sustainable measures. Forests are the one of the most essential natural
resources for human beings and animals. WWF (2017) asserts that human beings
rely on forests to survive whether it is air for respiration or woods for
building. Other than giving living spaces to wildlife creatures and livelihood
for human beings, the forests protect earth’s creatures from various natural
calamities. Therefore, the forests need to be preserved for our coming
generations. However,
we are experiencing increase in deforestation rate across the globe.  This report provides a historical background
of the deforestation and describes the current status of issue as well as
upcoming impact on future generation.

 

2.   
Method

 

Secondary
data from the multiple sources were used for this research. The data were
extracted from publicly available information from web pages, magazines and organizational websites. The main sources
used for this research are “The History of Deforestation” from
Questia and “Deforestation” from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

 

3.   
Case
Study

 

4.1   Historical Background
on the issue

 

Deforestation is the act of clearing the
forests by human beings for their personal benefits such as agriculture, shelter, warmth, medicines, etc. Williams (n.d.)
explains that there is a typical misinterpretation about deforestation that it
is a current event and the issue got
limelight in the tropical areas of the globe from mid-nineteenth century. It is
believed that the process started after human civilization. Choen (2017) says
that to cut down the trees, there is no need
of modern technology. He further explains that in ancient times, it was done with
the help of stone or rock axes and to clear larger areas, they used fire. Human civilization first resulted clearing of
forests for agriculture and then upsurged urbanization led to deforestation. Then
deforestation was carried out against sustainable development.SA(2018) says
that according to Environmental Defence Fund
(EDF), a major green organization,
world is losing an estimation of 32 million
acres of tropical rain forests each year for the nine years since 20th
century and the rate is inclining rapidly. In addition,
if this situation is not controlled, deforestation this will lead to another 200
billion tons of
carbon to mix up with environment. However, in 2008, United Nation’s initiated program named Reducing Emissions from
Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) diverted over $117 million for the
monetary and instructive help in order to
reduce deforestation in 44 developing nations. Hence, the rate of deforestation
is in alarming levels and it has
got huge impacts on our future generations.

 

4.2  Current state of problem

 

Although
the deforestation rate has decreased in
some of the countries, in many parts of
the world this issue still needs to be solved. Pimm (2018) asserts
that the rate of deforestation has decreased in a few places in the mid-21st
century because of improved forests administrative actions and the foundation
of nature preserving initiatives, the United Nations Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO ????, cited in Pimm 2018) reports that the yearly rate of
deforestation is around 1.3 million km2 for every ten years. He further says that the worst deforestation is
happening in the tropics, which is habitat to a vast diversity of species. The
findings reveals that at least 5,000
square km of forests are cleared each year in the Amazon, which is the largest remaining block of humid tropical
forest. Similarly, Holland (2017) explains that forests help to diminish carbon dioxide and various greenhouse emissions but now due to deforestation, burning
forests are becoming the major source for carbon dioxide emissions. In addition, it is predicted that deforestation
has accounted for releasing around one-fifth of ozone
degrading substance and due to tropical deforestation 1500 million tons
of carbon is discharged every year. Population
growth is one of the ultimate reason in conversion of forests land to agriculture fields. According
to Greentumble (2015), in each year about
13 million hectares of forests area are changed to a farming area in South
America, Africa and South East Asia.
Therefore, it can be seen from the evidence above that the rate of
deforestation has not slowed down in the 21st century and it still
causing devastating changes in the world’s delicate ecosystems.

 

4.3  Future Consequences

 

Deforestation
has caused lots of damage to the ecosystem of the planet and if this rate does not decrease in coming years, there will
be serious effects in sustainability of the world’s ecosystem. Conserve Energy Future (CEF 2018) asserts that in the
following quarter of this century, it is predicted that nearly 28000 species
will vanish due to the rapid clearing of forests. Deforestation will not only
effect the species of the world but also the environment elements in a greater
way. Panchamama Alliance (PA 2018) says that the trees play a significant role
in absorbing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Currently, the tropical
rainforests of South America provides 20% of Earth’s oxygen and they are
vanishing at a rate of 4 hectares in every ten years. The outcomes will turn
out to be significantly extreme if this issue is not controlled and resolved.

 

4.   
Conclusion

 

Conclusively,
deforestation is one of the serious issue that
world needs to resolve. Human beings and the other living creatures are
already experiencing the negative effects of deforestation such as global
warming, floods, landslides, ozone depletion, etc. Although organizations like
REDD are supporting the developing countries for sustainable solutions, there
are still numerous efforts needed for diminishing this issue.

 

5.   
Recommendations

 

There
are a number of recommendations for resolving this issue and maintain the
sustainability of forests. According to EE (2018) ceasing deforestation and protecting the
regular vegetation’s requires guidelines, laws, and directions from
associations and governments to help in formulating forests preservation
strategies. Then HNF (2018T1 )
mentions that utilizing reused paper items, for example, paper cushions,
shopping sacks, books, tissue paper, etc., can be useful in protecting woods as
utilizing reused items decreases the requirement for the cutting of trees.
Lastly, public should be aware of the consequences of deforestation that how
this issue is prevailing now and should think about the adverse conditions that
may arise in the future. People should learn from their mistakes, start to take
initiatives in preserving forests and should conduct afforestation programs.

 

 T1http://libguides.library.usyd.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=22570384