the maquiladoras contribute to the economic boost of Mexico

the maquiladoras contribute to the economic boost of Mexico or if it degrades the health and

development of its citizens. Journalist Sylvia Guendelman reported that maquiladora plants have

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adverse working conditions: “poor ventilation, few rest periods, excessive noise levels, unsafe

machinery, and long hours of microscopic assembly work, and exposure to toxic chemicals and

carcinogens”. High levels of stress can cause symptoms related to depression, mass hysteria,

pulmonary/eye problems, hand injuries, and adverse pregnancy outcomes”. On February 11th of

2011, Rosa Moreno was late at work for the company LG Electronics, where she worked on a

usual machine on the assembly line but what moved over to another machine by the manager to

speed up production rate. Moreno had questioned her manger on the strange noises it was

making, but he insisted that she get back to work. In an instance, the press came down crushing

her hands; she was sent to the hospital- despite her mangers reluctant attitude – where her hands

were amputated at the wrists. The company promised her $3,800 dollars as a settlement, however

Moreno refused as it was less than she made in a year and was not enough to support her family

of six (Flores). The managers and CEOs have companies are refusing to take responsibility of

their employee’s injuries by offering a small amount of money for the worker to take and leave.

Although, much of the money offered is never enough for the workers to use as their only source

of income, not many go on to sue the company for fear of the company hurting their family. In

some instances, women who have fainted after serious injuries, operators order that the women

be sent out into alleys for the company to not lose any money or for there to be any lawsuit.

Additionally, the average working hours for women are “nine hours during the weekdays and

four on Saturdays. However, daily working schedules of twelve hours are not uncommon, as

most of the women needed to work extra hours in order to increase their pay” (Dominguez). The

importance of a mother’s income is to provide for her family’s needs in terms of shelter and

food. However, working many hours can limit the time a mother can spend with her children, as

she must cover the basic needs in their homes. Most women who had chosen to quit their

maquila jobs or were fired and refused to search for a new job stated they would prefer their

daughters to avoid working in maquiladoras at all cost. In fact, maquiladoras hire women

specifically because they are less likely to fight against harsh working conditions and poor

wages. The delay and harshness of this criminal system needs attention and alteration by helping

victims to make informed choices on their well-being. Apart from this, the Mexican government

should pass new appropriate legislation that can provide the understanding fears, pressures, and

compulsions of the victims.

In Ciudad Juarez, the “violence against women is comprised in a wide range of acts- from

verbal harassment…to emotional abuse, daily physical or sexual abuse, and at the far end of the

spectrum is femicide: the murder of a woman” (Garcia). A femicide is the involvement of a

murder of women because of their gender from men perpetrators who seek to gain respect in the

“machismo culture”. Victims of these murders are mostly workers from the maquiladoras or are

daughters of employees in the industries, who have been raped, strangled, abducted and left to

die in alleys, pits or sewages. The objective for leaving the victims’ bodies in public places is to

make an intentional statement that the femicide crisis is seen as a “sport” or the fault of the

victim to most members of the community. The maquiladora industry plays its role of extreme

violence on women of sexual harassment and inappropriate sexual comments by their managers

and supervisors that can result in their own death if they are to speak out. According to Edme

Dominguez, in a study done in 2004 in Sonora, Covarrubias, and Grijalva found out that “one

out of five workers was victims of sexual harassment not only by supervisors and managers, but

also by their male co-workers”. Women working in many informal sectors are oppressed in the

fear of speaking out for there are no mechanisms that can prevent the everyday forms of sexual

harassment. Indeed, there have been cases where women use their own sexuality as a way of

improving their work position or to secure a job in the workforce. Director Lourdes Portillo

produced the film Senorita extraviada, which was the first documentary to gain international