Social work to keep the powerless at a disadvantage.

Social control theory An explanation of criminal behavior that focuses on control
mechanisms, techniques, and strategies for regulating human behavior, leading
to conformity or obedience to society’s rules, and which posits that deviance
results when social controls are weakened or break down, so that individuals
are not motivated to conform to them

(Criminology
P. G-6).

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Social control theory focuses on techniques and
strategies that regulate human behavior and lead to conformity, or obedience to
society’s rules—the influences of family and school, religious beliefs, moral
values, friends, and even beliefs about government. The more involved and
committed a person is to conventional activities and values and the greater the
attachment to parents, loved ones, and friends, the less likely that person is
to violate society’s rules and to jeopardize relationships and aspirations (Criminology P. 164).

Conflict
theorists argue that, contrary to consensus theory, laws do not exist for the
collective good; rather, they represent the interests of specific groups that
have the power to get them enacted (Criminology P. 37).
The key concept in conflict theory is power. The people who have political
control in any given society are those who are able to make things happen. They
have power. Conflict theory holds that the people who possess the power work to
keep the powerless at a disadvantage. The laws thus have their origin in the
interests of (Criminology P. 193). Sociologist
George Vold (1896–1967) was the first theorist to relate conflict theory to
criminology. He argued that individuals band together in groups because they
are social animals with needs that are best served through collective action.
If the group serves its members, it survives; if not, new groups form to take
its place. Individuals constantly clash as they try to advance the interests of
their particular group over those of all the others. (Criminology
P. 193).

Conflict
theory is a theory
that holds that the people who possess the power, work to keep the powerless at
a disadvantage (Criminology P. G-1).

Conflict Theory
and Social Control Theory both have similarities and differences. It is
important to discuss those issues because both theories have been used to talk
about the occurrence of crime in contemporary American society. Examples of the
issues faced also matter. In order to ensure that each one of the concerns
faced by society are handled properly where criminality is concerned. Criminality
is a large part of any society, the ways how criminals are handled and the ways
in which they develop their criminal behavior. They are very important to
consider in an effort to reduce the number of criminals in society. Some
believe that there are bad people and they are born that way. Research indicates
that most criminals are taught the behaviors in which they engage.  Either their families engage in criminal
behavior, or they spend time with peers who are involved in criminality. The
neighborhoods in which some of these individuals are born and raised also do
not help them to avoid criminal issues because they see it so often that it
simply becomes a part of life. One of the things they can do is choose a different
path even that many people who attempt to avoid criminal behavior can still get
involved in criminality if they allow themselves to do so. Conflict Theory
states that there are inequalities in a social group that are material, social,
or political. This distracts from the function of the group and the people in
it, and also draws attention to the differentials in power that are seen such
as conflict with class and other social constructs. There are a few different
theoretical ideas, actually, that all fall under the umbrella of conflict
theory. Those who feel as though they are being pushed out by society, and
those who do not seem to get into the standard, often found that they move
toward criminal behavior. The idea behind conflict theory is that capitalism and
other socioeconomic systems produce tensions that are internal and that will
lead the system to destroy itself eventually. Inequality defines most
societies, and in doing so those societies produce a lot of conflict. People
who are disadvantaged in society have a couple of options. People can work
toward benefitting themselves, or they can give up and turn to criminality in order
to attempt to get the things that they are being denied by society. The choice
they make will affect not only them but their families and friends, as well as
the rest of society around them. The cost of incarcerating people and
rehabilitating them also has an effect on society, because it takes money away
from other programs where that money could potentially be more useful. Social
control theory addresses the idea that socialization and learning build control
in a person’s mind, in turn, reduces the chances that the person will get
involved in behavior that is not seen as being social. In other words, people who
want to get in with society will avoid criminal behavior. Naturally, this is
not true for everyone or there would not be any criminals. However, it does
appear to hold true for many people, because large numbers of people in society
want to blend in and be accepted. They do what they can and what they have to
do so that they will be seen as normal, and those who are deviant are often
marginalized, whether they are criminal or simply different from others. In
some cases, the person simply feels as though the criminal behavior is wrong or
inappropriate, and that it is best avoided.