Real Estate in India 2018- Growth, Opportunity and ChallengesThe year 2017 has set an unexpected benchmark for the real estate sector of India. With the demonetisation in the year 2016, the first quarter of 2017 had the real estate sector reeling along with the economy, with land sales reaching a point of stagnation due to the requirement of payments made in cash. By the time the markets were ready to stabilize, GST and RERA came into form which created an added tension amongst buyers and sellers alike. In anticipation of the final RERA notifications, buyers have held back purchases. The change in 2017 has seen changes in the temperament to pay a premium for long-standing well-known developers and more demand for two & three BHK homes with fewer compliance problems. Apart from this, the real estate sector is popular for being a safe haven for protecting the black money. Hence the aforementioned laws have been implemented to curb the black money menace. Besides, the introduction of GST in July 2017 was intended to disassemble multiple tax systems.In the year 2017, around 1.6 lakh units were sold out, which is a 30% drop in contrast with the year 2016.However, the experts believe that the year 2018 will witness a new transition phase for the real estate in India. Things will show signs of improvement after some time and the changes will help in taking care of business to be a more buyer cordial market.So, let us dive into what the year 2018 holds for the real estate market, especially the three big questions. Challenges of buying property in India Confronting the Regulatory Pressure: In 2017, we saw some regulatory standards by the administration which affected the business, positively and negatively. So in 2018 as well, developers will confront the effect of RERA, limiting to new development and concentrating more on finishing the projects. As the supply of ready-to-move-in properties will expand, builders will confront the challenge of finishing the task on a specified due date.The concept of Single Window Clearance: The significant problem a real estate developer faces is the property clearance and as a rule, takes 18 to three years. The lion’s share of the work is to procure approvals from specialists who take a very long time to answer. Single Window Clearance is the greatest test faced by the developers. So actualizing this strategy won’t just cut down the project delay but additionally the cost of the task execution as well. To get a Home Loan Interest limit: The home loan interest tax is the real issue imposed on the home buyers. The government needs to raise the limit for up to 5 lakh from the present 2 lakh for every annum. So this will surely give a big break to home purchasers in saving cash on the home loan. The higher the interest on home loan fee, the lower the demand for property, causing a ripple impact. Thus, the financing of home loans is additionally viewed as a challenge to builders of the real estateThe GST Rate: Since the foundation of GST, the real estate market has been confronting tremendous barrier because of high GST rate. As home purchasing is an immense investment, the legislature ought to cut down the GST rate to urge purchasers to put resources and investment into new activities. Of the considerable number of difficulties assessed by the real estate sector of India, just two issues have recently been tended to on a full scale; The annihilation of a mind-boggling tax structure with the usage of GST and tending to inventory pile-up by executing the RERA (Real Estate Regulatory Authority) bill. Despite the fact that it will require some time for the impact of these progressions to appear, it has provided a ray of hope for the real estate sectorRising Input Cost: The real estate industry is a capital and work focused sector, accordingly, an ascent in the cost of work makes issues in the development of the project in focus. Besides, uncalled for routine with regards to specific segments of merchants and concrete industry by raising the cost, makes issues in the completion of the project venture more prominent.2. Growth opportunities in buying a house in IndiaReal Focus on Selling and Delivery: In the year 2018, developers will concentrate on offering and finishing the current ventures within the due date. Henceforth, the year 2018 will witness significant deals and conveyance in the real estate market. RERA has offered chances to builders to remain straightforward and finish the project by the said due date. It is required for all the real estate ventures to be in coordination with the arrangements of RERA, which endeavours to ensure that projects are conveyed in time and the cash paid by purchasers for specific tasks isn’t wasted for different purposes. So, RERA ensures customers’ interests. It will be unthinkable for unreliable operators to be in the market and just the most-dedicated players will have the capacity to explore and rise high in the market. This will profit both the purchasers and the sellers alike in the long haul.Different Tax Incentives: Government is doing its best to help the boost of ‘reasonable housing’ through different tax incentives and different changes. This will likewise accompany 4% of subsidy, additionally improving the methods of purchasing and offering of a home. As of not long ago, buyers and additionally developers were imposed with numerous duties, for example, service tax, VAT, and excise duty which shifted from state to state. The lack of clarity and high costs deterred them from investing in it. Nonetheless, with the current execution of a standard tax (GST of 12%), the situation is set to change soon.Past year changes to shape what’s to come: There have been many changes set by the legislature, including RERA and GST which will influence the business in 2018 as well. For both, home purchasers and builders, these changes will change the substance of the business. There are some unavoidable issues from home purchasers in regards to the undertaking of projects which are under-development or readily accessible. With full transparency, home purchasers and designers can have a simple business. Clean Capital: Because of the absence of transparency in the area, it was hard to get a spotless capital from monetary foundations. In any case, circumstances are different since RERA and Demonetization have had an impact as there has been an entire change in the process of purchasing and offering of a home. Investors and monetary foundations have opened up the road for clean capital. This unquestionably demonstrates the positive picture in 2018. PMAY to take care of housing for allThe yearning design of the Prime Minister to construct homes for all by 2022 will unquestionably get a noteworthy change financially with $1.3 trillion. This will make 60 million new houses and 2 million occupations throughout the following 4-5 years. Each task is presently getting enrolled under PMAY conspire; the urban real estate segment will see a noteworthy lift in 2018. Affordable housing could rise as the characterizing pattern in 2018.The administration has expanded distribution under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana plot. This won’t just urge home purchasers to contribute yet, in addition, empower cooperation from private players to dispatch projects in this portion.Favorably low home interest:The excess liquidity has driven the RBI to rejig the key loaning rates. Resultantly, the home advance loan costs that were recorded at around 9.5 percent per annum in 2016 have now been skimming in the range between 8.3-8.4 percent. That makes for impressive savings in the EMI costs; empowering individuals to benefit from minimal home loans and turn into a mortgage holder. It is normal that the home advance rates will stay low for the following few quarters and may even descend further. Considering the normal yearly rental yields at 5-6 percent, there isn’t much contrast between the expenses of renting a home and owning a home.Affordable housing plans:The budget of 2017 had proposals that could benefit and boost the real estate sector in the year 2018. The focus was on affordable housing. One such initiative was to award the infrastructurestatus to affordable housing and the other was a 100 percent deduction for profits to an undertaking in affordable housing ventures for flats (30 square metre for metros and 60 square metres for other cities). While it is too soon to check the general effect of how these motivations will have on the real estate market, it is most likely that in the long haul, the affordable housing section is required to see positive traction. With private builders boosted to go into this portion, we can expect reestablished action in the affordable housing section and crisp supply to begin entering the market soon.Middle-income home purchasers have a lot of motivations to celebrate after the centre modified the carpet area of homes for the middle-income groups class under the PMAY (Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana) scheme. The middle-income purchasers would now be able to possess a greater and better house.3. Price of real estate in India likely to rise or fall? Residential prices will remain for the most part stable over the following couple of months. Over the recent months, there hasn’t been a huge plunge in costs to the extent that the primary market is worried; in any case, there has been some justification in the secondary market. Be that as it may, deals and new launches have enhanced in Q1, vs Q4 ’16, and there is a general recuperation in sight.The year 2018 is probably not going to portray any value increase, nonetheless, experts believe that the current changes will boost the trust and certainty of the home buyers and the sales are probably going to rise in 2018.The real estate market in 2018 is expected to indicate price levels on an equivalents scale when compared with those of 2017. With everything taken into account, the year 2018 will remain a decent time to purchase. It is normal that the market will see more alternatives in ready stock since a more noteworthy number of project completions are to occur in the following year.As of now, there has been a lack of new project launches because of the introduction of RERA, which could negatively affect the supply of land or real estate properties. The high demand, on the other hand, could imply that costs may increment later on because of the jumble in demand and supply. Cost increment will be at sensible levels, not at historical levels. Be that as it may, you never know: if the economy again develops at 9.5 percent, real estate costs may again increase. For the time being, exponential growth in prices is ruled out.The outlook for the year 2017 is as follows. Residential segment has been low in 2017 because of demonetisation, GST and RERA. Deals backed off; general projects likewise declined. It created a great deal of liquidity crunch. The effect was felt more in NCR and Mumbai, however, the real estate industry has endured on the whole. The positive side is that the affordable housing segment is occurring. Going ahead, the standpoint for the residential sector in 2018 is extremely idealistic. Supply is coming in the affordable housing segment, which is the place where most of the demand is coming from. As the economy picks up, the development from rural to urban will quicken. So there will be a significantly increased demand for houses. Be that as it may, the economy needs to develop. There are two distinct markets, the commercial segment and the residential segment. The commercial segment has been doing extremely well. In 2015, somewhere in the range of 38 million sq ft office space was taken up in India. In 2016, 46 m sq ft was taken up and in 2017 around 40 m sq ft space was relied upon to close.It is anticipated that the commercial sector will go up. Since rates are high, the development won’t be like earlier, however, it will keep on doing great, at any rate, after the year 2018.