Marriage as a
legitimately perceived social contract between two individuals, customarily in
light of a sexual relationship and inferring a changelessness of the union. In
creating an inclusive definition, we should also consider variations, such as
whether a legal union is required (think of “common- law” marriage and its
equivalents), or whether more than two people can be involved (consider
is set to be a permanent institution but in today’s world the nature of
permanency has vanished. Marriage was earlier consider to be a secrimental bond
which cannot be broken so easily. It was set to be a bond could be a beginning
of family as an institution other variations on the definition of marriage
might include whether spouses are of opposite sexes or the same sex, and how
one of the traditional expectations of marriage (to produce children) is
In India, as indicated by conventional
Hindu Law, marriage is a ceremony and not a common contract. It is a sanskara
function compulsory for Hindu. The Hindu religious books have urged marriage as
obligation on the grounds that an unmarried man can’t play out the absolute
most critical religious rituals.
In that capacity in Hindu marriage there
is no space for sentimental love as the premise of conjugal determination.
There is no space for romance, on the grounds that the youngsters never observe
each other marriage. Sentimental love could come about shape marriage yet
couldn’t be a reason for it. To put it plainly, among Hindus marriage is mandatory.
It is a ceremony, indestructible and mystery union. Second relational unions,
particularly for ladies, are hated.
However disregarding these general
highlights, distinctive societies have built up an intriguing assorted variety
of directions and traditions concerning preclusions and inclinations for
marriage accomplices and in addition desires amongst life partners and in-laws.
Unmistakable varieties, for example, organized relational unions, polygamy, and
same-sexed unions give a rich ethnographic record to hypothesizing concerning
why social orders vary. They additionally challenge our resistance of various
good traditions and no more essential level.
Forms of Marriage
are of different types across the world. Types of weddings are not to be
confused with types of marriages, as weddings can of be of different types as
per the community even if the type of marriage is Monogamous. Forms of marriage
are also culturally driven and different types of marriages in the world are
prevalent among various societies. It is very
important for us to know the types of MARRIAGEs that exists and does not exist
in India to understand the concept of changing trends in institution of
(iv) Companionate marriage:
This is the marriage of two persons on the
understanding that as long as there are no children the marriage may be
dissolved simply by mutual consent. This system is much better than free love
or trial marriage because the knowledge that in case there are no children
divorce may be obtained will provide wholesome attitudes towards marriage1.
(i) Polyandry (One wife, many
certain parts of the earth polyandry long existed. It is a form of marriage
wherein one woman marries more than one man at a given time. It is however relatively a rare type of marriage and is
generally an improvised adjustment to certain peculiar and extreme conditions.2 Polyandry may take two forms:
(a) Fraternal Polyandry:
(b) Non-fraternal Polyandry:
Polygyny (One husband many wives):- Under this system one man
has two or more wives at a time. Polygyny is generally called polygamy but
strictly speaking the latter is a general term including both polyandry and
polygyny. Polygyny is found among Eskimo tribes, Crow and Hidatsa of North Ameri
ca and African Negroes.
(iii) Monogamy (One man one
monogamy one man marries one woman at a time. This is the leading form of
marriage. Its advantages are now well recognised. It produces the highest types
of affection and sincere devotion. The children are well looked after.
Some thinkers have proposed experimental
marriages to find out the compatibility of the two people before they settle
down to a life of permanent union. A man and woman may be allowed to lead
marital life temporarily in order to find out if they can settle down
permanently in matrimonial relations.
Factors affecting marriage :-
refers to the growth of industries and its dominance over agriculture . In this
modern era of development where factories and manufacturing units are growing
rapidly day by day ,men and women work together which has boosted self respect
and confidence of women in modern industries men and women work together with
peace and harmony respect each other as well as there interest3.
(2 ) URBANISATION :-
Urbanisation refers to
phenomenal growth of towns and cities, moving to cities changing to agriculture
to other means of earning there livelihood MARRIAGE in urban cities is held as
a social and modern ceremony and less as a religious and traditional ceremony .
MARRIAGE in the era of urbanisation is a modern ceremony.
Education is an endowment to
homosapiens as education is the first step to develop humanity education helps
us to know the society better and it helps us to know people better. Modern
education has brought many changes in marriage. Youths have their own views.
As nobody is above law everyone has to abide by the constitution and
respect it a number of legislations are made for safeguarding MARRIAGE the most
important legislation related to marriage are given below
1 Family law book (Dr. paras