Impact of studies, they feel no burden of their

Impact of co-curricular activities on the performance of
secondary school students in tehsil Faisalabad.

 

 

 

Name
of Student:       Zahida Perveen

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Registration
Number:  2016-ag-1334

Abstract

 

Physical
health is essential for the best way of life. Therefore mental health is also
necessary for spending of good life. Co-curricular activities play an important
role to enhance the performance of students. If students spend some time in their
hobbies instead of studies, they   feel no burden of their studies and it have an
optimistic consequence on their life. The present research will be
conducted in Tehsil Faisalabad city. Total students of secondary school from
government institutes in Tehsil Faisalabad city will serve as study population
the study will be confined to the students of girl’s secondary schools. The
study will be further confined to only 2 secondary schools of girls out of 69
schools of girls which will be selected conveniently. The sample of 160
students (80 from each school will be selected through simple random sampling
from the total population of 276 students. A well designed questionnaire will
be used as research instrument for this study. 
The data will be analyzed through Statistical Package for Social
Sciences (SPSS).

 UNIVERSITY
OF AGRICULTURE, FAISALABAD

INSTITUTE OF AGRI. EXTENSION AND
RURAL DEVELOPMENT

(Synopsis
for the M.Phil degree in education)

 

 

Title:               Impact of co-curricular activities on
the performance of secondary school students in tehsil Faisalabad.

 

 

            Date of admission:                                          26.09.2016

            Date of initiation:                                            09.09.2016     

            Probable duration:                                           2 Years

 

Personnel:

Name of Student                                            Zahida
Perveen

Registration No.                                              2016-ag-1334

Supervisor                                                       Dr.
Khalid Mehmood Ch.

Supervisory
Committee:

 

Dr. Khalid Mehmood Ch.                   (Chairman)     

Dr.
Shoukat Ali                                   (Member)       

Dr.
Kanwal Asghar Awan                  (Member)

 

Introduction

Education is ladder to pluck the fruits of
success and an honest life is that the aim of basic education. Teacher
education within the twenty first century should be directed to the challenge of
covering the complete population
in providing acquirement and data for economic development
and, progress of the society. Activities  practiced within the schools of
education are: small teaching,
lesson set up, observation,
demonstration, check and measuring, case study record, action analysis, laboratory experiment, scientific discipline experiment,
text review, tutorial material file, academic technology, programmed
learning material, web site analysis
and environmental education; The co-curricular activities embody physical and health education,
citizenship coaching camp,
socially helpful productive
work  ( Raja et al., 2016) .

Improvement of thoughts and ideas
demands child’s physical and intellectual trends to be corrected, as per the
few important things of its frame of mind. Consequently, approaches of
education emphasize on all spherical development of the child. The approach of
schooling is not one thing static or best as soon as live as an alternative,
non-stop and endeavor so that it will be divided in 2 components; information
activities and co-curricular activities. Co-Curricular activities   involve students in a roundabout way linked
with the prescribed information. Co-curricular activities are consisting of;
sports, athletics, scouting, cubing, several interests, tours literary
societies, dramatics, debates (Suleman
and Singh, 2014).

 

Extracurricular activities are actual important and
play an abundant role in education. The analysis after effects announces that
extracurricular activities are as important for architecture amusing and
bookish abilities as the approved classes. Furthermore, addition difficult
affair is to assay this actuality in Iraq-Kurdistan arena government at
educational institutions as it is on the way of getting a well-developed
country in the abreast future (Yildiz, 2016).

 

Generally the captivation in extracurricular
activities produces absolutely the mind-set; beautify the fun and bookish
development a part of the scholars. But this account now not constantly
accurate in empirically and theoretically, that academy have been abstracted
home alone for academia purposes amid the long time of 1950 to 1960. Additionally
boom the cultural and amusing ethics and scholar’s normal overall performance.   Ones  recognition who don’t take part inside the
sports at their instructional segment, they face an bare and changed acumen on
the utility time in collected degree, and all over again they brash to get any
authority for skills development for accepting a technique. Efficiently
affecting intelligence can be accomplished in the absolute apple via
extracurricular sports that abstruse at some stage in the bookish age at
institutes. Professional, profession and hobby of  admeasurements and broaden in the course of
the bookish time amount at in a position institutes that target the pupil’s
extracurricular activities (Ismail et al, 2016).

Co-curricular activities provide passion,
power, optimistic wondering and cooperation which in turn, make contributions
to behavior development. Co-curricular sports can assist in the development of
“various domain names of persona and thoughts along with highbrow development,
emotional development, social improvement and aesthetic improvement”. Most
educators felt that involvement in co-curricular sports helped to develop
student’s self assurance in a better way that’s critical in their educational manner.
Self belief in instructional studies is a necessary detail in academic
fulfillment. “It seems almost self-obtrusive that pupil engagement, which
includes co-curricular activities, has a wonderful effect on pupil
instructional performance (Wang and Shiveley, 2009).

Most  of
the classical and nearly all modern educationists admit that schooling isn’t
always definitely the memorization of positive facts, figures and capabilities
however it’s  all-spherical development
of the scholars. Co-curricular  
sports  keep  a  locality  of 
first rate  importance  in 
the  place  of 
schooling  for  the 
all  round development of
children. Mentions had been made in various instructional books, fee
evaluations and academic plan regarding the insurance, programme, sports and
significance of those activities.  They
similarly brought that for social, bodily and non secular improvement
co-curricular sports are prerequisite. Co-curricular sports are the sports
activities done by students that do not fall within the realm of the everyday
curriculum of educational group. As soon as those were appeared as
extra-curricular sports however due to their reputation of their importance,
now these are called co-curricular activities (Bashir and Hussain, 2012).

 

Need of the study

The intention
of this learning is to examine the impact of co-curricular activities to
enhance the performance of secondary school students. The purpose of this
research study will be to explore the acquaintance of students concerning
co-curricular activities and to investigate the role of co-curricular
activities to augment the performance of secondary school students. This
research study will be ready to lend a give for the teachers, parents and
students to appreciate the healthy relationship between co-curricular
activities and performance of students.

  General
Objective:

Impact of co-curricular activities on the performance of
secondary school students in District Faisalabad

Specific
Objectives:

·        
To identify the demographic attributes of the
respondents.

·        
To find
out the perceptions of students regarding
co-curricular activities.

·        
To probe
out the role of co-curricular activities to enhance the student’s performance.

·        
To
formulate the suggestions to improve the activities of students at secondary
level.

 

 

Review of Literature

Claudia (2014) examined that the extracurricular
activities effects person’s life and 
escaped from getting complicated. Extracurricular sports actuate the
changes that receive taken home within the areas of acquaintance of talents,
self-development, and career aspirations. To conclude that extracurricular
activities be given absolute acquirements allowances for acceptance and there
may be really confirmation that they accession self-confidence and accommodate
the best competencies to hire in new enterprise introduction. The importance of extracurricular
activities has grown to be an emergent theme inner theorizing on how
entrepreneurs look at. It suggests that the vicinity of entrepreneurship
represents a unique and precise context in which to observe control gaining
knowledge of accepting that examine through experience, through the
identification of entrepreneurial reading sports. Schooling is a way of
improving formal entrepreneurship education with the useful resource of
permitting sports to be pupil. Thereby  giving additional space outdoor of the
curriculum for students to take initiative ought to understand how
extracurricular sports may also affect scholar studying and the way effective
sports can accommodate adjustments in scholar studying styles and values. There
are few extracurricular sports that adopt a clear academic attention: case
research, particular challenge for the organization, advertising method
competition at nearby, countrywide and international diploma, consulting
projects for businesses, and so forth.

 

Metsäpelto and Pulkkinen (2014)
stated that the extracurricular activities accredit to grownup
activities which can be special to the curriculum, accommodate opportunities
for contributors to strengthen specific competencies or expertise, and yield
abode alfresco of academy hours. Those activities are prepared by means of
schools, boyhood corporations, and after institution applications. Therefore,
the ambit of activities covered is enormous, capricious from precise types of
sports (sports, song, arts) to generic applications supplied boyhood adorning
agencies. These activities are prepared by institutes, organizations and after examined
programs. Consequently, the role of extracurricular activities is significant,
capricious from precise sorts of activities (sports activities, tune, arts) to
universal packages supplied by way of various companies. Activity engagement is
a customary redecorating acquaintance for abounding accouchement and teens in
western countries even as reviews of the role of extracurricular activities in
boyhood are on hand such overviews apropos adolescent accouchement are
uncommon.

            Suleman et al., (2014) examined the equipment of over scheduled interest
in           co-curricular activities on
the instructional accomplishment of esteem at accent academy in Kohat division.
The ambition citizenry of the abstraction become comprised of accent academy
reputation in Kohat department. Fifty recognition of grade 10 from government
high academy (boys) Khurram (Karak) had been taken as sample software program
simple unintended sampling. The splendor of starting accumulation have been
complicated in co-curricular sports for forty account in academy and multiple
hours afterwards academy time. The popularity of the ascendancy accumulation
modified into complicated for 40 bills in academy handiest. The conventional
assessment allegation announces that there’s cogent abrogating aftereffect of
over-scheduled captivation in co-curricular activities on the educational
accomplishment of beauty at accessory academy degree. Finished assessment
studies prominent that captivation in co-curricular activities is presently
proportional to the accomplishment of the students. There is a capable
association amid student’s accord in co-curricular activities and accomplished
bookish basic performance.

 Soe (2014) conducted a study to examine the perceptions and
experiences of students and teachers regarding the location of extracurricular
activities (ECAS) at a private college in Myanmar. It makes a forte of the
influences of participation in ECAS on college students’ lives, how the lap
project statement and learning outcomes may be met via ECAS, the problems of
participation in ECAS and strategies to overcome the limits to participation in
ECAS. A small scale qualitative examine changed into used to study the
perceptions of the scholars and teachers associated with the role of ECAS.

 The studies method changed
into a case study which worried semi structured interviews
with students and instructors from LAP and analysis of university files and newsletters. Ten scholar interviews and 5 trainer interviews have
been performed to accumulate the essential records. At
the same time numerous wonderful affects consisting
of gaining self belief to speak up inside
the school room, improving English
and writing have been recognized. college students and teachers additionally noted the influences on social abilities and behaviors inclusive of social and negotiation skills with specific forms of humans, teamwork competencies and trouble solving abilities to resolve conflicts among every different, opportunities to have interaction with friends who are out of doors in their close
organization of buddies and developing sympathy for the lives of unprivileged
human beings.

 

Wilson et al., (2013)
examined the participation in
extracurricular activities among engineering, computer generation, and
arithmetic students at five various institutions a few of the United States.
Information had been extracted from over 1200 survey responses to capture the
time college students spent in extracurricular sports and additionally the
character of those sports activities. Our outcomes show that amongst an
establishment, the quantity of involvement in extracurricular sports is
consistent among definitely unique sorts of faculty college students. No
goodish variations in overall extracurricular involvement were found across
gender or first-class within any unwedded cluster. The broadest model came
about across institutions. At same time due to the fact the pair of larger
establishments installed extracurricular involvement with countrywide averages,
the smaller establishment’s incontestable sizeable variations from this
commonplace. Despite the fact that this investigate in to pass sectional and
not longitudinal in humor, we rating from our results that institutional
statistics, opportunity than senior traits, has the strongest introduced
pressure to undergo on what university students do and how ordinary they do it
interior extracurricular communities.

Kariyana et al., (2012) examined that the test sought to set up educators’ perspectives at the have an
impact on of beginner’s’ participation in faculty co-curricular activities on
their academic overall performance. In this case have a look at layout that
applied each quantitative and qualitative procedure. Data were solicited from
educators in every personal and public university in a single academic district
inside the Jap Cape province of South Africa. A reachable pattern of 40
instructors participated within the examiner. The test hired a semi structured
questionnaire to build up quantitative records and phenomenological
interviewing to acquire qualitative statistics. Quantitative facts accrued had
been coded and analyzed a mix of every descriptive and inferential statistics.
Qualitative statistics has been analyzed the usage of content material
evaluation method. The examiner decided that educators held powerful
perspectives about the participation of beginners in co-curricular sports as they
felt the participation have become useful in several strategies.

Papak and Vidulin (2011)
stated that the present day college distinguishes itself with its talent in
efficiently making ready and leading the educational manner. At the beginning
of college to the desires of the students involves them extra co-curricular activities.
It is important so that faculty might also increase instructional role to the
loose time of pupils. As a result, extracurricular activities play an efficient
role which modern instructional desires can be realized and a domain on which
present day coaching techniques that purpose closer to the student’s
improvement and progress are successfully applied. By means of collaborating in
variously themed extracurricular activities, the pupil is given the possibility
to make use of numerous paintings techniques through auto didacticism, active
participation and unbiased development. the use of contemporary strategies organizes
the pupils’ sports in a less confined style in order that they may, via
connecting principle and exercise, increase and deepen the information they
have got obtained, expand their abilities, and additionally emerge as active
contributors in cultural occasions in their surroundings.

 Massoni (2011) examined that extracurricular
sports are determined in all stages of our schools in many one of a kind
bureaucracy. They will be sports activities, golf equipment, debate, drama,
faculty guides, pupil council, and different social activities. a pupil’s
future may be determined inside the subjects that they do within the hours
after university and earlier than their dad and mom get domestic. The function
of extracurricular sports activities and the incredible outcomes that they may
have on university students of all kinds starting from the above common student
to the pupil this is on the point of losing out of college.

Dalrymple and Evangelou (2006) observed that pupils
who take part in extracurricular actions typically revel in the various
possibilities afforded them. Advantages of participating in extracurricular
sports covered having higher grades, having better standardized.  These activities made students able to take a
look at ratings and higher academic attainment, attending college extra
regularly, and having a better self idea. Persons in out of faculty often
determined out abilities which include teamwork and management even as
decreasing the threat of alcohol use and illicit drug use and related trouble
behaviors. People who participate in out of university activities often have
better grades, a decrease in absenteeism and an elevated connectedness to the
college. University students who are over scheduled in too many sports find out
that the advantages of taking detail in out of college activities can also
really decrease. Overscheduled youngsters can be tired, irritable and show
little hobby in participation. Over scheduling students might also moreover
result in some college students pushing themselves too a long way with the
capability of having a excessive sports activities. Sport s related harm as
students may also need time for rest and healing from intense athletic
training.

 Lunenburg (2010) stated that extracurricular
activities are decided the least bit stages of our faculty device. They  consist of however aren’t restrained to sports
which includes debate, athletics, song, drama, college publications, student
council, faculty golf equipment, contests, and numerous social sports. This
multitude of experiences bureaucracy 3rd curriculum paralleling the desired and
non-compulsory curricula. On this paper, the position of extracurricular sports
with regards to the general goals of training and the capabilities of
extracurricular sports.

Wilson (2009) stated that
extracurricular activities often not affordable for every one due its
expensiveness. It is paying the university interest rate or figuring out to
shop for private schooling or searching for to further expand skills at summer
time camps. Some families certainly aren’t economically able to be affording
the expenses for extra co-curricular activities. Being concerned adults should
bear in mind running with the network to assist reduce monetary limitations to
participation in healthy extracurricular options for students to crew constructing,
expertise improvement and possibilities for control. Whilst balanced with
academic getting to know, extracurricular sports can also assist students  to improve self-esteem, spirit and hook up
with the adults within the network in a first rate manner.  They want for improvement of the engineering
curriculum taught in most American colleges has been a huge subject matter of
debate, as is obvious by means of the number of magazine articles and
conferences dedicated to the subject.

 

Methodology

 

The
present research will be conducted in tehsil Faisalabad city. Total students of
secondary school from government institutes in tehsil Faisalabad city will
serve as study population the study will be confined to the students of girl’s
secondary schools. The study will be further confined to only 2 secondary
schools of girls out of 69 schools of girls which will be selected
conveniently. The sample of 160 students (80 from each school will be selected
through simple random sampling from the total population of 276 students. A well
designed questionnaire will be used as research instrument for this study.  The data will be analyzed through Statistical
Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).