Everybody the “FREE AIR” by heating mercuric oxide(HgO) and

Everybody has heard of oxygen, more commonly know as
the “thing” which is the basis of all life on our planet. And
sometimes, a “thing” for conspiracy theorists how it slowly poisons
us. Amazing world we live in. But limited to only as the thing we living beings
need to survive. Before i start my gibberish “thing”, this
“thing” can make you high ;). Haha. Since, I have your attention now
let us dig a lil’ deep into it.

AND I HAVE INSERTED A RAP ABOUT OXYGEN
SOMEWHERE IN BETWEEN 🙂

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Third most abundant element in the universe by mass (triggered
conspiracy theorists), after helium and hydrogen, member of group 16 (no,
not a boy band) or VI A, period 2 of the periodic table, the one and
only, free air (WHAT?), the dephlogisticated
air (the what?), the OXY-GEN ( finally,
the one i’ve heard). What did i mean by this, some of you might be
wandering. Just pointed out the fact that our beloved oxygen was not always
named oxygen (pewdiepies’ voice). WHY? Because oxygen is a cheater!
Discovered by Carl
Wilhelm Scheelein 1773 or maybe
earlier and by Joseph Priestly in 1774, separately. (Gets
Discovered by just anybody ;), you could discover it too and name it as you
please, and the way to discover the gas-whore, the ways are here somewhere, You
just have to find it and name it. And also i have not specified the gender of
the gas-whore, not a misandrist or a misogynist). Although, Carl
wilhelm scheele discovered it prior, Joseph priestly is given the credit
because of his early published work, (Life, eh?). Scheele
discovered the “FREE AIR” by heating mercuric oxide(HgO) and various
nitrates, whereas Priestly focused sunlight on Mercuric oxide inside a glass
tube, which liberated the “DEPHLOGISTICATED AIR.” (So, who
named the gas the what has been cleared). So, who gave the name
“oxygen”. Who have we missed? Antoine Laurent
Lavoisier. First he named it
vital air, and later changed it to oxygène in 1777, which can be broken down
into oxy(acid in greek) and genes(producer). WHY? because he mistakenly
believed that oxyen was a constituent of all acids. Even though the idea behind
was wrong but the name remained. With this, we’ve completed the H-I-S-T-O-R-Y
section.

With a A++ in history section, without any further a-due, let me
talk about the type of element oxygen is and also it’s properties. Since it is
chemically reactive it’s never found in it’s atomic state and is found in free
state in air as O2, dioxygen, where two oxygen atoms are
chemically bound to each other. This is the form of oxygen that we all living
beings use, OXYGEN GIVETH AND TAKETH THE LIFE AWAY.

PROPERTIES SECTION

SYMBOL: O
ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATION: 1s22s22p4 OR He2s22p4
ATOMIC NUMBER (Z): 8
ATOMIC WEIGHT: 16 (15.999)
STATE: 1) GAS: COLORLESS 2) LIQUID: PALE BLUE
ALLOTROPES: O2, O3(THE GOOD GUY OZONE)

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF OXYGEN FOUND IN
ATMOSPHERE

PHASE (AT STP, STANDARD TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE): GAS
MELTING POINT: -218.90C (-363.820 F (IMPERIAL THUGS))
BOILING POINT: -182.9620C (-297.3320F)
DENSITY AT STP: 1.429 g/L

PRESENCE IN ATMOSPHERE: 21% BY VOLUME AND 23% BY WEIGHT (IN O2 FORM)
ENTHALPY OF FORMATIONH: (Positive meaning, energy is required)
ATOMIC OXYGEN (O) : 249 kJ/mol
OXYGEN OR DIOXYGEN (O2): 0 kJ/mol
OZONE (O3): 143 kJ/mol

We already found that its’ presence is huge(Uge, ;)).
With about 50% of mass inside the earths’ crispy and hot crust, 80% by weight
in water and about 50-70% in plant and animal tissues. I mean, look at the
numbers, it was no mere coincidence that it was discovered by so many people.( OR
DID IT LET ITSELF TO BE FOUND OUT? WE”LL NEVER KNOW ). And in
combined form with metals and nonmetals to form oxides, basic or acidic. Gets
along with just almost everybody.

Also, found in other states which are known as the allotropes of
oxygen. (WHAT IS THE DEAL WITH THIS OXYGEN! GAS WHORE CONFIRMED). So,
before we discuss about these, first, what is allotropy? Dictionary.com defines
it as “one of two or more existing forms of an element. Eg: Diamond and
graphite are two allotropes of carbon.” Already learned that there are two
allotropes of oxygen in the properties section. Diatomic or dioxygen or the
which we normal people call oxygen, and triatomic or the good guy ozone.( Before
anything else, WHAT IS ALL THIS FUSS WITH OZONE, OZONE IS REAL YOU FAKE PEOPLE)

We’ve almost discussed everything about the DIOXYGEN (O2). Most common allotrope of elemental oxygen on
earth, also known as molecular oxygen and more commonly know as oxygen.

With a bond length of 121 pm (picometer) and a bond energy of
498 kJ/mol. The properties are mentioned above in the properties section of
oxygen found in the atmosphere.

OZONE (O3)

Ozone needs its own heading because it has been subjected to
harsh conditions by us, humans. The triatomic state of elemental oxygen, which
is much less stable than the diatomic allotrope. It is formed in the
stratosphere region when UV light and other electrical discharges present hit
the diatomic oxygen. With the higher concentration region lying in the ozone
layer of the atmosphere, which is responsible for abosrbing most of the UV
radiation from the sun, which otherwise would have caused skin cancer.

BEFORE IT STARTS GETTING TOO MONOTONOUS, THE
RAP IS NOT THAT FAR AWAY.

Because of depletion of this layer, we have banned the use of
CFCs and related hydrocarbons. And recently in news, we heard that the depleted
layer is slowly recovering, a good news for us. We are not dying of cancer.
HURRAY! If you’re interested in this then here’s a LINK how the scientists involved found out
that it’s healing itself. (PHOENIX OF SOME KIND)