Contractors many ways to the supervisory role they play

Contractors and Construction agencies
The construction manager will be in charge
of supervising the contractors on site and they in turn will report to him /
her on a daily basis to check with the scheduling of work for the day / week.
This is to ensure that all that the work is
done in accordance with the schedule of works from the management team to
keep on the projects target finish date.

 Role of construction manager
in managing contractors and construction agencies
Managing the contractors is similar in many
ways to the supervisory role they play on a day to day basis. This entails a
more in depth approach to the planning and scheduling with which meetings
would be held with the contractor to set out and plan the schedule of work required
which would be stated in the contract agreement at the start of the project.
Between the construction manager and the
contractor they would have regular progress meeting to ensure that all work
is on schedule and also so the construction manager can sign off on any
completed works and submit payment.
 

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1.7 Role of
Construction Manager in supervising contractors and construction agencies

Role and Responsibilities of Construction Manager
The construction manager’s role is to
supervise contractors and staff on the construction site and to direct
various operations within the project.
They will also be responsible for allocating
resources on site so the operation runs smoothly.
On a daily basis they will they will review
the work progress of staff and contractors alike, during which time progress
reports will be made and a weekly report submitted to management for a weekly
construction meeting.
Ensure that quality construction standards
are met and the correct construction methods are adhered to including all
health and safety and building codes resulting in an efficient work site.
They are also responsible on a daily basis
to make sure the staff and contractors have the correct resources, tools,
equipment to carry out the required work.
 
He /She is there to assist the senior
project manager preparing cost estimates and schedules of work and also work
closely alongside other members of the management team surveyors, engineers,
foremen and upper management.
The construction manager will also be
involved with negotiating terms of agreement and to draft contracts for
signing off prior to the commencement of any work.
Any permits or licenses that might be required
will also be dealt with by the construction manager, some of these tasks will
be done alongside the senior project manager or the very least with his / her
knowledge and guidance.

1.6 Roles and
responsibilities of Construction Manager in Construction Management

Key phases of Construction Project
Conceptual design: To determine the project objective and to decide if it’s feasible.
Planning: Further
development of the original design, resource requirements and the objectives
with a strategy to execute them.
Execution: Delivering
the project whilst ensuring the work is done within the required time frame
and to budget, this would include any final snagging required to sign off for
the client.
Closure: Handing
over all documents to the owner/ client, releasing resources, pay off all
outstanding contracts.

1.5 Different
phases of construction project

Top Management
Make
decisions on the overall direction of the project including projects
objective, policies and strategies.
 
 
Middle Management
Translate
the information from senior management into clear plans and objectives to be
carried out.
 
 
 
Lower Management
Carry
out the directions through delivery and production. Will supervise staff and
contractors on the work site

1.4 Levels of
management in construction project

Human resources involved in
construction project
 
The
construction industry is very diverse and requires a lot of different skilled
/ trades workers on site, this would include management roles, skilled
workers, unskilled workers, trades ( plumbing, electrical ) and numerous
office staff, administration, Human Resources, accounts, sales, marketing
etc.
The
Human Resource department will be overseeing the employment of all the
manpower required for the project.
Sometimes
this can prove challenging to find the right people as quite often there is a
limited pool of people to choose from.
Below is
a short list of the Human Recourses required on a construction project/
Client
Senior Project Manager
Project Manager
Construction Manager
Skilled
Unskilled
Administration
Human Resources
 
 

Key responsibilities of each
member in the team
Client: To drive the project forward,
selecting contractors, deciding construction approaches, materials and
methods.
 
Senior Project Manager: Working closely with the client
to carry out the works to the design and within budget, also overseeing the
management of the contractors on site.
 
Construction management: Assisting the senior project
manager in carrying out the work and supervision required to achieve the goal
of the client.
 
Skilled: Working under the guidance of the
construction management team.
 
Unskilled: Working alongside the skilled
workers
 
Administration: Co-ordinating office activities
and operations in compliance with company policies.
Human Resources: Making sure the project has
sufficient human resources with the correct skills and experience so the
project can be completed successfully.

1.3 Role and
Responsibilities of team members in Construction Project

 

Overall
role of construction in economy
Construction
is an important sector which contributes greatly to the economic growth of
any nation, As was mentioned earlier it is accountable for a sizeable portion
of a country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Product (GNP).
A
country’s government is always heavily involved and invested within the
industry offering contracts that would include Housing, Education, Health,
Roads and any other infrastructure requirements.
An
economic recession will have a major effect on the industry as the two are
closely tied together.
We know
that the construction industry employs a large amount of people so when a
recession hits construction is one of the first industries to feel the
effects and one of the last to recover and this will have a big impact on the
unemployment levels of a country.
This
would also have a knock effect to other sectors too including, Plant and
equipment hire, Material suppliers, Builders merchants etc.

Role of
construction in socio-economic development
 
The construction industry plays a very important
role in the economy and it’s vital to a country’s goal in socio-economic
development.
To provide services from health, schools to
infrastructure and housing. Housing projects tend to speed the construction
industries activity and a lot of these will be tendered out from the
government and would also include schools, hospitals and police stations.
 
Government infrastructure investment is always
good to build confidence in the economy and provide stability, more
productivity, investment and drive economic growth.
This extends to short term and medium term needs
which are as follows; Short term needs would include housing projects due to
population growth, this will then require state services such as schools,
hospital etc.
This will then lead to both economic and social
infrastructure in the medium term which will give the economy a boost from
investment from the state and private contractors.
From the governments point of view all
infrastructure needs to be efficient, affordable and in more recent times the
emphasis is on sustainability.
Another boost to the economy would be the extra
taxes generated for the government potentially meaning more growth and
development.
Infrastructure investment from the government is a
great stimulus that can help grow the economy but this needs to be a
sustained investment over time to achieve long term goals.

1.2 The importance
of construction industry in economy

 

Introduction
to construction industry
 
The construction industry is one of the
world’s oldest working environments dating back to 3500BC which is the oldest
dated structure that we know of today,
It is also one of the world’s largest
industries employing a substantial workforce in every country. Examples of
construction include high rise, residential buildings, roads, and bridges,
basically everything you see every day.
The industry also accounts for a sizeable
portion of a country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National
Product (GNP).
There is a lot of planning that needs to go
into every construction project, from acquiring the land at the start of a
project to the final details on a snagging list at completion, This will be
discussed in further depth later.
With any construction project there become
numerous hazards for the workforce on the ground and the industry has a high
accident rate which is why the HSE is continuously reviewing work practices
for a safer environment.
The cost of every construction project will
have a budget to work to, this is where the construction management team come
in to ensure that the project is being managed properly on behalf of the
client.
This will include but not limited to the
schedule, costing, procurement and contractors to make sure the project stays
on its original timeline and within budget.
Any time delays will result in extra costs
for the client / owner.
 

Key work
areas and structure of construction industry
Key work areas within the industry start at the
projects conception with the purchasing of the land or an existing building
for renovation.
The list below highlights the different
professions and agencies which would be involved in the key areas of any
project.
The
Client: To drive the project forward, selecting main contractor, designers.
To decide construction approaches, techniques, materials, finishing’s.
 
Design
Company: To prepare or modify designs including drawings, bill of quantities,
specifications and calculations.
Main
Contractor : To supply materials, labour, equipment,
engineering tools and services, equipment and plant rental and health and
safety on site
Specialist
Sub Contractors:  Working
under the instruction of the main contractor supplying specialist / skilled
labour.
Material
/ Equipment manufacturing and supply: 
Supplying materials to the construction site when required by the main
contractor.
Equipment
and Plant hiring sector:  Supplying
plant and machinery to the site at the request of the main contractor.
Finance
and Investment: Committing funding to the project within
approved levels, monitoring spending and ensure spending is within budget.
 
The construction industry is very large and a lot
of complexities come with this.
There are numerous different interrelationships
that can occur on every project between the main contractor on the project
and the specialist sub-contractors. For example a main or principal
contractor working on a new building will likely put up the super structure
and once complete will hire the specialist sub-contractors to do the
finishing works which will happen under the management of the main
contractor.
There are a small number of very large
construction companies that earn the majority of the industries turnover. In
the UK these would be companies like Carillion, Kier, Balfour Beatty and
Laing O’Rourke. Some of these companies have also expanded to international
projects for further growth.
The small construction companies make up the
majority or registered companies in the UK, these companies have a small
number of employees and would include a lot of sub-contracting work for the
bigger companies or just small residential projects.
 
 
 

 

1.1 Structure
and work areas of Construction Industry

 

(Briefly explain that what is
Construction management and what you will discuss in this assignment)
 
Construction
Management uses strategic techniques to plan, design and construct a project
form its inception to its completion. The construction management team will
ensure this is done on time and within budget whilst keeping a high standard
of quality.
 
This
will be discussed in further detail along with the key roles each person
contributes within the construction management team along with outside
agencies and contractors.