Bangladesh is a country of 3rd world and each
social protection for human isn’t up to the mark. In Bangladesh the percentage of women is 49.56 %.According
to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from
officially recognized sources in 2016.(1). Among them Unemployed women is 5.1%
according to World Bank (2). But there is no specific survey for single mother
Social Protection for Single Mother:
Protection plays an important role for the vulnerable people in undeveloped or
developing countries like Bangladesh and it also varies from country to
country. In Bangladesh social protection for women means to provide protection
and help such as security, health, financial support, Legal Rights ETC.
Ø Legal Rights for Women in Bangladesh
Actually all sorts of legal rights for women is applicable for single
mother. The legal laws or rights for single mother are describing below:
The Law can be divided into two parts:
by Government of Bangladesh
Islamic law, The property rights for Women is –
a. If the husband
of the woman had died and the late person doesn’t have any children or doesn’t
have any grandson or generations down wards than wife entitled of one fourth of
the property. For any children the wife will get one eighth of property.
b. If the late person
have son or grandson than wife (One or More than one) together will get one
eight of the property.
According to the Christian Law, The Christian
is the minor but very important part of Bangladesh. Christian women property
rights are – If a late person has children than widow will have one third of
property. If the late person doesn’t have children than widow will have the
ownership of whole property.
Among Hindus in
Bangladesh, the right for single women is not clear at all. A large number of women are also excluded
from inheritance. Widows inheriting properties from their husband also inherit
on limited rights (i.e. life interest).
The Buddhists in Bangladesh are also governed
by Hindu laws.
by Government of Bangladesh
Under the 1972
Constitution of Bangladesh, women’s rights are protected under the broad and
universal principles of equality and participation.
In the below, the articles
are related with the principle of the Constitution:
a. Article 10 of the Constitution provides that steps
shall be taken to ensure participation of women in all spheres of national
b. Article 19 (1) provides that the State shall endeavor
to ensure equality of opportunity to all citizens.
c. Article 27 specifies that all citizens are equal before
the law and are entitled to equal protection of the law.
d. Article 28 (1) provides that the State shall not
discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex,
or place of birth.
e. Article 28 (2) more directly and categorically says
that women shall have equal rights with men in all spheres of the State and of
public life. This latter provision means that all rights mentioned in the
Constitution, such as right to life, right to personal liberty, right to
property, freedom of movement, freedom of speech, freedom to exercise a
profession or occupation are equally applicable to women in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has a number of
special laws, specifically prohibiting certain form of violence against women
including the Penal Code, 1860, the Anti-Dowry Prohibition Act (1980), the
Cruelty to Women Ordinance (1983), the Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act
(1993;), and the Prevention of Repression against Women and Children Act
Ø Real Scenario for women Rights
Bangladesh, there exist many laws and rights for single mother. But they exist
on the law book only. Because,
a single mother, maximum time they don’t get any help from the society.
Sometime they don’t get any support from their family also so they can’t take
any legal action.
are not aware about their right because lack of legal knowledge
are many lawyers who does not work for single mother or demand the fees more.
In the informal economy, women get a lower wages than men
in the same work place.
For women in Bangladesh, if
any woman seeks divorce there she has to provide valid reason for divorce but in
terms of men it depends on their wish only.
terms of property matter, a son gets a share of his paternal property (if there
are no legal documents) but for a daughter, there is no chance to get paternal
property after marriage (if they don’t / do have any brother, if there are no
According to Violence on Women
in Bangladesh, Nari Pakha Report, (Dhaka: 2000). Bangladeshi women
face different forms of violence by men on a daily basis. One research report1published in 2000 by a reputed women’s non-governmental organization in
Bangladesh shows that 30% of the women in the cities are battered by their
husbands, 37% are victims of verbal insults and harassment, and 33% are victims
of other forms of domestic violence. Another survey reveals that among the
victims of physical violence, 23% are rape victims, 22% acid-throwing victims,
10% burn-victims, 5% are victims of poisoning, forced abortion and other kinds
single women (specially divorced women) are physically tortured by the
religious leaders as a punishment for very offence work. The punishment is such as the humiliating and degrading public whipping
and stoning. There is no legal sanction for local judgment; it is simply a part
of traditional practice but the women don’t aware of this illegal practice.
rural area, maximum divorce occurs due to dowry system.
Tends to became a sex
worker by forcing of broker
Now days the rape cases are increasing
in an alarming rate. Single mother are the main victim of this case because
they used to stay alone and they don’t have proper knowledge about their
safety. They don’t get proper judgment also
due to lack legal knowledge and support
Action already has been taken:
Ø Bangladesh Legal Aid and Service trust (BLAST) are working on the legal consultancy
and currently operating in 19 districts across the country.
Ø The Bangladesh National Women Lawyers’
Association (BNWLA) are working for ensure the women and children legal rights.
Action can be taken:
Ø Legal consultancy: