A natural process is when the surface of the earth changes. Some changes are because of slow processes like erosion and weathering. While there are other changes that are happening because of fast processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.In the Western parts of Canada there are many different types of natural processes that occur like earthquakes. Earthquakes occur when rocks underground breaks along a fault. This energy causes the seismic waves to make the ground shake. Earthquakes happen everywhere all times. But most are unnoticeable. Since British Columbia is next to a plate boundary, they will be mostly affected from earthquakes. Earthquakes can sometimes cause land to raise up, break apart, and can cause buildings to fall over. A way the landscape changed was when the Rocky Mountains were created. The Rocky Mountains was created from an earthquake that had happened long ago, and caused land to crash into each other and rise up. Earthquakes can change the landscape by causing other natural processes like landslides, soil liquefaction, and tsunamis.In the Southern parts of Canada there are many different types of natural processes that occur everyday like soil erosion. Soil erosion is a example of a natural process. This natural process is a major problem in the south. Soil erosion in Ontario is frustrating. Soil erosion is causing clogged drainage pipes. This soil is being removed 10 to 20 times faster than it coming back. This gives people like, farmers, who have hard times growing crops if the soil isn’t in the proper state for it to be used. These soils won’t be able to absorb nutrients, water, or sunlight. Soil erosion can sometimes cause small streams to form. These streams can get in the way of people’s jobs, creation/buildings being made, and possibly people’s homes. For example, buildings, food, crops, and more. Soil erosion can change the shape of a landscape fast, and make the soil useless.In the Northern parts of Canada there are many different types of natural processes that occur everyday because of the huge amount of snow and ice there is. Climate change is highly affecting the whole world. An example of climate change is the ice melting. Ice is not the only thing, but it is the one I will be talking about. Ice can create many problems for Canada and the entire world. The ice melting means the earth is slowly heating up. Ice is a shiny reflector that is reflecting sunlight back out of the atmosphere. If the ice is gone most the water will be absorbed from sunlight. Next leads to the earth’s temperature increasing. Warm water is being carried to the north which is one of the reasons Europe has a warm climate. Europeans predict that 25% change in the climate is because of this. These changes can also completely change the landscape of Northern Canada.In the Eastern parts of Canada there are many different natural characteristics that influence human activity. Hydropower is one of them. The hydro power plants generate power by using water to turn a turbine. While these turbines spin it creates kinetic energy which is then after converted to electricity. This is how we use the water to our advantage without ruining the landscape. In Newfoundland and Labrador they use water to our advantage because they live around surrounding water. The generators generate about 70% of the energy for their province. There are many different human activities that influence natural characteristics. Human activities that affect the water is by polluting it. People are always littering and throwing away chemical waste into the water which is contaminating it. In the Central part of Canada there are many different human activities that affect natural characteristics. In the Central part of Canada there are many interior plains landforms. Interior plains is the best landform for farming as soil is the most fertile. In Central Canada it is almost all interior plains. This is one of the best type of land for farming. Also, interior plains land is also very flat. This is helpful because it is easy to lay out crops rather than having an uneven surface, and soil is also very rich in nutrients. So the crops will be well grown and healthy. Another great factor that helps a lot is the temperature. The temperature is perfect for farming and keeping crops alive. Since Central Canada farms a lot Canada is the 5th largest provider in food.In the Southern parts of Canada there are many different natural characteristics that influence human activities. To start things off let’s first say that Canada is the biggest supplier for fresh water. We try to make a lot of money from selling it to other countries. Fresh water is still rising in demand and prices are going up. Canada saves 355 million dollars worth for the protection of the Great Lakes from pollution. This is how we use the Great Lakes in Southern Ontario to our advantage. Southern canada has the most access to fresh water. Ontario is right next to the Great Lakes which is 21% of the world’s most freshest surface water. But we also pollute the freshwater very much. We pour oil, chemicals,throw garbage, pollute and much more harmful things in our water which kills animals and makes water undrinkable. This is why they’re starting to protect the Great Lakes. In the eastern part of Canada there are many resources and industries that are pretty valuable. Fishing is very popular in the eastern part of a Canada. In Eastern Canada there is a huge amount of fish in the Grand Banks. Most people fish there because of the many fish there are, the shallow water, and the many nutrients which helps for healthy fish. They had to make policies regarding the fishing because people were overfishing. So clearly fishing is very important to the eastern peoples. More than 80% of Canada’s fish are exported to other countries. This helps the economy with a huge additional 44 billion dollars. After all fishing now is having a huge impact on Canada’s economy by adding 1 billion dollars yearly. In the southern parts of Canada there are many resources and industries that are pretty valuable. Mining is one of the major industries that makes Canada’s economy. From mining we get nickel, gold, copper, and zinc. These metals boost our economy if we sell a lot of the minerals. Ontario gets about 10.8 billion dollars annually from exporting the minerals to other countries. About 60% of the materials we find are sent off to other countries. Mining is adding 6.8 billion dollars to the economy each year.In the central part of Canada there are many resources and industries that are pretty valuable. Oil and gas industries are the largest industries in the entire world, and also one of the important ones. Alberta’s economy is one of the largest economy groups basically all because of their oil industries. Alberta is the most important province to Canada because of its high profit in oil sales. Since oil is important for many things to operate/create it with it keeps the rest of the world alive. While we find an alternative to fossil fuels. Without the oil industries around the world, cars wouldn’t be able to run, factories wouldn’t work, there wouldn’t be as much electricity, tractors wouldn’t be able to collect crops, homes wouldn’t be heated, and nothing that is made of plastic would be made. Forsure oil is definitely the most important resource we have and need, and that is why Alberta’s oil has a huge impact on Canada. Oil is a very important resource in Canada and the world. The only problem is, we’re slowly losing it. A big implication that affects central canada is pollution. Pollution is a huge problem in Central Canada and around the world. This is mainly because of the Alberta oil sands. There is a chemical called PM2.5 that can cause asthma attacks and death. Other chemicals can also get into your lungs which can cause lung cancer. Central Canada has the worst air quality in all of Canada. Environmental effects that are happening because of this are acidification of plants, crops not growing, and trees dying. Canada is trying to fix the air pollution problem by saving energy to stop the production of the smoke from factories. Canada also created programs to help slow down the air pollution. They are planting more gardens to produce fresh crops and air. The food that will be grown won’t be harvested with any machines that emit dangerous chemicals in the air.A big implication that affects northern canada but also the whole world as well is climate change. Climate change is affecting the entire world, especially Northern Canada. The ice that is melting at a very fast rate is creating more water, raising water levels, possibly destroying animal homes, possibly making some animals extinct, and more. The ice melting has many different effects such as, temperatures increasing across the world, affecting ocean circulation and much more. Another big problem connected with climate change is the global gas emissions connected with it. Seventy five percent of greenhouse gases are from transportation vehicles. Representatives of Canada said, cars will be reducing emissions and finding an alternative to industrial greenhouse gases. This means the government is going to have to force down some rules in order for greenhouse gases to decrease. When this will happen the climate will slowly steady and be somewhat better/cleaner. Canada is also making companies invest more in creating Green technologies which will help with greenhouse gases. These little steps will have a huge impact. A big implication that affects southern canada is deforestation. Deforestation is a huge problem in Canada, but also everywhere else in the world to. Some major cons of deforestation include loss of animal habitats, climate change, desertification, soil erosion, and flooding. Deforestation affects the water cycle. The water cycle is very important for our world, and by chopping down trees that ruins everything. It stops the moisture from returning to the atmosphere. The main reason deforestation happens, is because of farming. They need to clear out land in order to plant crops and vegetables. Another loss from deforestation is that many animals lose their habitat. The loss of animals habitats will lead to migration, or possibly even extinction. And when this happens this will ruin the food chains which will affect even more animals. We can help stop the effects of deforestation by planting more trees, going paperless, and eat vegetarian meals as often as possible. Thirty eight percent of Ontario’s wood is used for paper. We can save a lot of trees if people tried and cared more towards the world. In southern Canada they are planting trees where they are being cut. This will keep the amount of trees stable.Demographic characteristics affect communities in western canada. The most common native group in western Canada is Cree. For thousands of years the Cree were spread over the forests. They would canoe in the rivers to obtain fish, and they would also eat other meats and also some plants as well. Cree people today are still hunting. There are approximately 200,000 Cree in Canada. Western Canada is taken up by mountains which limits space. The majority of the Cree people live along Alberta.Demographic characteristics affect communities in Northern Canada. In Northern Canada there is mostly Inuits. At the time when they came, all the southern land was taken by other Indians, so the had to settle in the north of Canada. The Inuits have been living there for thousands of years, which is why they are still, there today. They’ve adapted to the cold weather and have gotten used to their lifestyle. The Inuits food plans are fish and hunted arctic animals. The main reason the Inuit are still in northern Canada, is because they are used to their lifestyle and the northern weather.Demographic characteristics affect communities in Eastern Canada. The most common people in eastern Canada are the French. In Quebec they are all speaking French. French speaking people are in Quebec because the French were the first settlers. The person who came first to Quebec was Samuel de Champlain. The area they settled in was originally called New France. The reason Quebec is the only French speaking part of Canada, is because of the seven year war. The British beat the French and made a treaty. The British gave the freedom in Quebec and this is also why we learn French in schools. In Eastern Canada there are many different types of cities and rural areas. The city that I will focus on is Montreal in Quebec. Montreal’s population is growing very high. Most people are coming from French speaking countries and moving to Montreal. This is because Quebec is the only French speaking area in Canada, and Canada is one of the best countries in the world. Recently Montreal began preparing for a huge jump in urban growth. They are expecting 50,000 new residents by 2030. Montreal is creating more jobs which is why they are expecting this spike. This is the recent urban growth for Montreal.In Central Canada there are many different types of cities and rural areas.In Central Canada there is one main city. The city is Calgary which is in Alberta. Calgary’s population is rising at a fast, steady pace. Most of Calgary is already urban, and there is a small amount that is still rural. Calgary isn’t allowing much urban growth. Their population is 1.2 million. From 2006-2011 they experienced a ten percent increase in population. Calgary is trying to remove most rural areas and turning it into an urban areas. This will attract more residents and raise up their population. They are creating more jobs to get more people into the city later in the years. In Western Canada there are not many different types of cities and rural areas.In Western Canada there is one main city everyone looks at. Which is Vancouver in British Columbia. Vancouver’s population growth rate isn’t high as others. But, the population is still growing. Right now, there are around 650,000 residents in Vancouver. More new houses are being built in downtown Vancouver. This is for the new residents in the coming years. The majority of Vancouver is urban and not many rural areas are available. Vancouver is rebuilding many old buildings. This is the urban growth of Vancouver recently.