1.1 Worldwide Energy General Outlook
According to BP Energy Outlook 2016 Edition, Fossil fuels remain the
dominant form of energy powering the global expansion: providing around 60% of the additional energy and accounting for almost 80% of total energy supplies in 2035. Renewables grow
rapidly, almost quadrupling by 2035 and supplying a third of the growth in
power generation. The rate of growth of carbon emissions more than halves
relative to the past 20 years, reflecting gains in energy efficiency and the
changing fuel mix. But emissions continue to rise, suggesting the need for
further action. BP Energy Outlook 2016 Edition as figure below shows.Energy Consumption will vary depend
on region. China,
India and other developing countries will have higher energy consumption rate compare to other
region, as a result of their economy is still developing and relatively low energy efficiency. OECD’s Energy Consumption will vary on steady
line due to their economy
is already developed and relatively high energy efficiency. Figures below
illustrates Energy Consumption by region.
Energy Efficiency plays
a significant role. Positive trend
of energy efficiency reflected in declining the world’s energy intensity and slowing down its carbon
emission. World’s total
carbon emission projected will
still rising although OECD’s carbon emission declining. In consequences of
developing countries still develop their economy and their consumption of
fossil energy will still rise. Forecast of Carbon Emission as below.
The three most basic
drivers of energy
demand are economic
activity, population, and technology.
Longer-term trends in economic growth for a particular economy depend on
underlying demographic and productivity trends, which in turn reflect
population growth, labor force participation rate, productivity growth,
national savings rate, and capital accumulation (USEIA, 2011).