This toolkit is designed as a guide to creating an Edible Green Wall.
is an Edible Green Wall?
Edible Green Wall is a different way of growing that is popular
because it can be done in a small space. The ‘garden’ grows vertically either
indoors or outdoors and can be created using a variety of repurposed materials
to grow a number of foods.
1.2 Involvement of families and local community.
Creating a vertical garden is an excellent way to learn to grow your
own food. It can help establish better eating habits and build community
relationships while connecting with our natural environment.
Getting your families and local community involved will help ensure a
successful garden. There are several benefits for engaging with your family
and/or local community groups in a school garden. They include:
Ensures wider participation Helps to involves a wider community other than members of staffAllows the school to forge links with local community groupsCan provide knowledge and experience to help with the gardenCan provide assistance with maintenance through the yearCan result if offer for equipment Create a sense of ownership and responsibilityCan help prevent vandalism
2.0 What you need
Clean plastic bottles Permanent marker pen NailsSandpaperPlastic tapeScissorsGravelSoil/compostSeeds
or plants ( e.g. herbs, vegetables
and small fruits)
If attaching to a wall:
Drill with small drill bitsWood
0 Getting Started
thinking of where you want your edible green wall to be located. In doing so,
you need to consider the following:
Can you reach it? Make sure you locate your edible green wall where
you can easily reach itWill it get enough light? Your garden needs to be exposed to enough
sunlight as fruits and vegetables needs at least six hours of direct sunlight
to produce. Is it near water? You will needs to water your garden regularly so
make sure it is located near to a tap or that you can get water to your garden
easily. Is it getting enough nutrients?
Your garden will need the right sol texture and nutrients to produce.
.0 How to cheat and Edible Green Wall
You can always create a mini version of an edible green wall with
the same materials
Collect and wash plastic bottles Gather the plastic bottles needed for growing your fruits and
vegetables. The number of bottles you need will depend on the space available.
Try to keep the bottles the size if possible and for this pilot phase 2 litre
bottles will be used. Remember to keep a one or two bottles aside as you can
use them as funnels and scoops for plating and watering. Remove all labels and wash the bottles in soapy water. Remove all
bottles caps when washing but keep them as you will need to put them back on
later. Draw and cut rectangular holes on the side of the bottles Draw vertical rectangular holes on the side of the bottles and cut
out. Mark and cut circle holes in the base of the bottles Mark circle holes at the base of the bottles and then cut out. The
holes should be big enough to fit the neck of bottles when stacking them. You
may need to sand the holes to make them smooth. Pierce holes in the bottle caps Pierce about 1mmm holes at the centre of the bottle caps to allow for
drainage of water. Mount the bottles to create columns Assemble 3 bottles together to make a column. Screw the caps back on the bottles while
making the columns to secure it. If the hole at the base of the bottle is
bigger than required, a piece of plastic tape can be used to further secure the
neck of the bottle into place. Attached the bottles to the wall If attaching to a wall, you will need to attach the bottles first
before filling them with compost. Nail the first and the last bottle within a
column to a plank of wood. Fill the bottles with compost Fill bottles first with a little gravel to allow for proper drainage
then fill with compos, pressing it in lightly. It is recommended to use compost rather than top soils as vertical
gardens usually have very limited space for the plant containers and so it is
vital to provide the plants with excellent nutrients. Planting Carefully plant the seeds by pressing them into the compost. To
replant, remove the plants form their growing pots, dig a small hole in the
compost and plant ensure that the top of the root ball is fully covered with
Water your plants as most plants like to be
kept in a moist soil but not wet. To check if your plant needs watered, stick
your fingertips into the soil up to the second knuckle, if your finger tip is
dry, add water. Water slowly and make
sure that the water gets to the roots of your plant.
5.0 Tips for maintaining an Edible Green Wall
Choose your vertical gardening system. There are a range of vertical
gardening systems ranging from wall mounted to free standing.Select trailing or climbing plants.Use high quality soils and nutrientsIf your garden will not be getting enough sunlight, think of planting
shade-loving vegetables like spinach and lettuce.Flowers and vegetables grown vertically need more water. Train the plants to grow upwards if they do not do so on their own by
using small sticks, ties and clips.Consider how tall your foliage will be when fully grown. You may need
to trim it to keep it within reach. Climbing vines of many vegetables can be thorny so remember to protect
your hands by wearing garden gloves when harvesting your vegetables.Do not pull fruits and vegetables off the vines. Instead, use a small
knife or pruning shears to remove them.
Remember to keep it
small and simple.